Causes of Fibromyalgia

While there is no exact treatment for fibromyalgia, some preventive measures can be taken to get rid of it. Doctors are currently focusing on treating pain, relaxing muscles, and reducing depression. Doctors prescribe low-stress exercises such as walking, swimming, water aerobics, and cycling to patients rather than muscle-intensive exercises such as strength training. Some other measures include heat on sore muscles, stretching (Pilates is a form), and massage.

Since there is no specific medicine for fibromyalgia, doctors try to relieve pain and improve sleep. To achieve this, the following types of drugs are prescribed:

Analgesics: Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) can reduce pain and stiffness caused by fibromyalgia. However, the effectiveness differs individually. Tramadol (Ultram) is a pain reliever that can be taken with or without paracetamol. Doctors often recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) or naproxen sodium (Anaprox, Aleve) in combination with other drugs, but NSAIDs have not been shown to be useful in the control pain of fibromyalgia when taken alone.

Antidepressants: Doctors recommend antidepressants such as amitriptyline, nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor) or doxepin (Sinequan) to support deep and uninterrupted sleep. Fluoxetine (Prozac) mixed with amitriptyline has also been shown to be effective. Sertraline (Zoloft) and paroxetine (Paxil) are also effective in patients with depression. These drugs can be useful by affecting serotonin levels in the brain.

Muscle relaxants: Taking the drug cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) at bedtime can help relieve muscle pain and cramps.

Doctors strictly reject the use of sleeping pills and pain relievers. Patients sometimes take them for quick relief, but the effects are very short-term, while the side effects last long-term. These drugs are narcotics, so they are very harmful to patients.

Some homemade measures can also be effective to prevent fibromyalgia. These procedures can be done at home. The measures are:

* The right training includes walking, swimming, cycling and water aerobics. A physical therapist can help you develop a home exercise program.

* Stretching, free hands, good posture and relaxation training are also helpful.

* Develop a plan to avoid or limit overexertion and poignant stress. Take time out to rest every day.

* Exercise stress relief techniques such as breathing exercises, meditation and yoga.

* A very healthy and simple lifestyle can also be helpful to prevent fibromyalgia.

Photos provided by Pexels

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