Despite many efforts by health professionals to help smokers quit smoking, it remains a major cause of disease and death across the world. A serious illness that can arise from smoking is emphysema. Emphysema is one of the deadliest respiratory diseases in the United States today.
Emphysema is a chronic respiratory disease that is characterized by inflammation of the alveoli or air sacs in the lungs. Emphysema can reduce the elasticity of the lungs and lead to the collapse of the bronchioles. In this case, the air cannot leave the alveoli and the function of the lungs is severely impaired. The lungs may lose their ability to shrink as they exhale. Reduced exhalation can also reduce the amount of air inhaled. Because of this condition, the exhaust air is not easily removed from the lungs and the oxygen-rich air is not restored. People with emphysema may have difficulty breathing and often gasp for air. Emphysema most often occurs in people aged 50 years and over and can occur in other respiratory diseases such as bronchitis.
Heavy cigarette smoking is the main cause of emphysema and causes about 80 to 90 percent of all emphysema cases. Smoking pipes, cigars and marijuana can also damage the lungs and cause emphysema. Some experts suggest that marijuana can cause serious damage because it is inhaled deeply by smokers. Another cause of this condition is a lack of enzymes called alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT). The absence of these enzymes can lead to chronic, uninhibited tissue breakdown, which can lead to the manifestation of emphysema.
The symptoms of emphysema can develop gradually over many years. Many people with emphysema become aware of this condition if they have already lost more than half of the function of their lung tissue. These symptoms may include the following: Shortness of breath Skipped breaths Sleep disorders Chronic fatigue
Swelling of the feet , Ankles or legs
wheezing excessive mucus production
Despite the presence of modern technology and medical advances, treatments for emphysema are not able to damage the lungs to heal or repent. These treatments are only used to relieve symptoms, slow the progression of the disease, and alleviate any fatal complications that may arise. The first step in treating emphysema is for smokers to quit smoking to avoid further lung damage.
Apart from acquiring emphysema, certain illnesses such as cataract, macular degeneration, psoriasis, tooth loss, osteoporosis and many more can be increased by smoking. However, it is never too late to quit smoking. Stopping the habit can have a positive effect on the cardiovascular system and general health. People who find it difficult to give up the habit can try to quit smoking in the market. However, these products cannot do all the work. The best and most effective way to quit smoking is determination, discipline, and commitment to permanently quit the habit. Using these products can help smokers reduce the habit by becoming more comfortable and complacent to adapt to a life without cigarettes. Many smoking cessation products are available without a prescription. It is best to get approval from healthcare professionals to clarify side effects and drug interactions that may occur while taking medication. With the right tools and settings, quitting smoking and reducing the development of heart disease can be easier than others think.
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