Scabies is a skin condition caused by an infection with scabies (Sarcoptes scabiei). Scabies mites are microscopic parasite organisms that burrow deep into the skin and cause inflammation, itching and rash. Later symptoms of scabies are: crusted skin, pustules, blisters and nodules. Most of the symptoms caused by scabies are allergic reactions to the eggs and faeces of the mites, which are toxic to the human body. Rash is the first symptom that appears in scabies and occurs a few days after being contaminated with the parasite mite. Scabies rash is very persistent and can take up to several weeks or months after the mite infestation has been removed.
Scabies is very contagious and the parasite mites that are responsible for causing the disease can either be acquired directly. through contact with contaminated persons or indirectly through contact with contaminated objects. Scabies is common in orphanages and nursing homes due to overcrowding and poor hygiene. To prevent the appearance of scabies, it is very important to maintain a good level of personal hygiene and to avoid sharing personal items with other people.
The mites that are responsible for causing scabies usually infect less exposed areas of the skin, such as armpits, feet, the areas between the toes, buttocks and pubic area. Scabies is usually diagnosed with clinical signs of the disease. Although scabies mites are microscopic, their presence can easily be detected by the marks on the surface of the skin. The mite caves can be observed with the naked eye and are a clear indicator of scabies. To confirm the clinical diagnosis, doctors often take samples of the inflamed skin for analysis under the microscope.
The medical treatment of scabies works on several levels. Some medications are aimed at killing the parasite mites, while other medications are prescribed to relieve symptoms at the skin level. Treatment for scabies usually consists of topical creams or lotions for topical use. Creams containing permethrin are very effective in overcoming mite infestation and are usually prescribed for the treatment of scabies. To maximize the effect, the medication for scabies should not only be used locally, but on the entire skin surface. While permethrin-based medicines fight mite infestation, frequent warm showers and baths can alleviate rashes and itching. If the itching and rash are severe, doctors can also prescribe hydrocortisone, antihistamine, and analgesic treatment.
Although treating scabies can quickly get rid of mites, the symptoms of scabies can persist over time. This is due to the fact that the mites stay under the skin after their death and continue to cause allergies and rashes. In babies and very young children, the rash after the scabies can be very severe. After finishing scabies treatment, many young children develop acropustulosis, a skin condition that can last for more than a few months!
Because of their contagious character and persistent symptoms, scabies is considered a very acute severe skin condition. Even with proper treatment, people affected by scabies can develop widespread rashes and persistent allergies.
Photos provided by Pexels