Methadone is known to be a highly effective and powerful drug. It is a narcotic that belongs to the same family of opioids as heroin. Methadone is a long-acting pain reliever. It is an effective opioid analgesic for severe pain. Because of its low cost and apparent effectiveness in complex pain syndromes, it is increasingly being used as a first-line opioid. It is such a good pain reliever for those with chronic pain and to help narcotics get through life without having to spend their existence maintaining constant heroin supply nearby or just to physically survive a day.
Methadone is said to be a well-tested drug that is safe and effective in treating withdrawal and addiction to narcotics. This synthetic narcotic has been used to treat opioid addiction for more than 30 years. Heroin releases an excess of dopamine in the body, causing users to need an opiate that continuously occupies the opioid receptor in the brain. Methadone occupies this receptor and is the stabilizing factor that allows heroin addicts to end their addiction.
Methadone should only be prescribed to patients with moderate to severe pain if their pain is not improved with other non-narcotic pain relievers. Pain relief from a dose of methadone takes approximately 4 to 8 hours. However, methadone stays in the body much longer. It can take 8 to 59 hours after ingestion. As a result, patients may feel the need for more pain relief before methadone is removed from the body. Methadone can accumulate to a toxic level in the body if it is taken too often, if the amount is too high, or if it is taken with certain other medicines or supplements.
Normal results after methadone administration to treat chronic pain include relieving the patient’s pain, at least to the point where the pain is bearable. On the other hand, the result of methadone treatment to control heroin addiction is that the patient reduces heroin intake almost immediately after starting methadone treatment. Complete abstinence usually follows, usually within two weeks of starting treatment.
As with any controlled substance, there is a risk of misuse. Studies and clinical studies suggest that long-term use of metahdone when used as directed and under medical treatment is medically harmless. When methadone is taken under medical supervision, long-term maintenance does not have an adverse effect on the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, bones, blood, brain or other vital body organs. Pain relief methadone does not cause serious side effects, although some patients may experience minor symptoms such as constipation, water retention, drowsiness, rash, excessive sweating and changes in libido. Once the dose of methadone is adjusted and stabilized, or tolerance increases, these symptoms usually subside.
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