Anticipation of appropriate staffing levels in the operating room is key to the safe, effective and efficient utilization of the operating room. Hospital policy and legal standards set by the governing committees provide the minimum guidelines for staffing.
According to the Center for Disease Control, the fourth leading cause of death among Americans is due to hospital based infections. Why would infections play a part in hospital care when the US leads the world in technology and antibiotic use? The overuse of antibiotics may be one cause of overwhelming infection by antibiotic resistant bacteria.