Nowadays, more and more people suffer from indigestion. Due to poor nutrition, unhealthy lifestyle and abuse of caffeine, cigarettes and alcohol, most people develop different types of ulcers. There are several types of ulcers, and some of them are considered life-threatening. Even milder forms of ulcers can endanger a person’s life if the disorder is not properly treated. Ulcer involves irritation, sores, or lesions at various levels of the gastrointestinal tract. The main cause of ulcers is infection with the bacteria called Helicobacter pylori, which can be acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water. Another cause of ulcers is the excessive production of hydrochloric acid and pepsin. In excess, stomach acid can damage the protective walls of the stomach or other special internal organs, causing the bacteria to cause greater damage. Although the Helicobacter pylori bacteria and excessive gastric secretions are mainly responsible for the development of ulcers, there are other factors that can contribute to the process: smoking, alcohol consumption, caffeine etc.
If hydrochloric acid and pepsin are also present involved in the development of the ulcer, the disorder is called gastric ulcer. If the ulcer occurs at the level of the duodenum, the disorder is called the duodenal ulcer. If the ulcer develops in the stomach, one speaks of gastric or gastric ulcers. Peptic ulcer is considered a serious form of indigestion because it can lead to complications and even cancer. The most serious complications with gastric ulcers are bleeding ulcers and perforated ulcers.
Bleeding ulcers are very dangerous and in some cases can cause death to the person concerned. Bleeding ulcer requires immediate medical attention and in most cases can only be corrected by surgery. Operations to treat bleeding ulcers are usually performed using a gastroscope. General anesthesia is not always necessary in such operations. Fortunately, not all patients with bleeding ulcers need surgery. Recent experimental drugs have reduced the mortality rate of patients who experience such complications, and oral treatment may be a replacement for today’s surgery in the future.
The most common symptoms of a bleeding ulcer are: vomiting blood, presence of blood in the feces, black stool, nausea and dehydration. Bleeding ulcer can also lead to anemia; Due to the excessive blood loss, fewer red blood cells remain in the body and do not provide the internal organs with sufficient oxygen. It is important to try to prevent bleeding ulcers from appearing, as in some cases these can be fatal. If you are experiencing the symptoms of an ulcer, it is best to tell your doctor immediately about your problems so that they can receive appropriate medical treatment to avoid further complications from the disorder.
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