Anorexia nervosa is a very common type of eating disorder. The main feature of the disease is self-restricting behavior on food, which causes sufferers to follow drastic diets to lose weight. Anorexia includes a phobia of being fat, and people affected by the disease develop food obsessions. Although the actual causes of anorexia are not clear, the disease appears to have a pronounced psychological character. Anorexia occurs due to emotional stress and mental instability, and the majority of those affected have low self-esteem and poor self-image.
While anorexics can initially only follow strict diets, over time they can become involved in acts of self-starvation. People suffering from anorexia also exercise a lot to lose “extra” pounds. Over time, anorexics become obsessed with food and diet, and eventually develop a changed perception of their physical appearance. No matter how much weight you lose, anorexics are never satisfied with their performance and are constantly trying to lose weight.
There are many hypotheses about the actual reasons why anorexics are constantly engaging with unusual eating habits. Medical scientists believe that people affected by anorexia actually try to gain self-esteem through their actions. It is believed that strict diets and excessive exercise are anorexic to keep control of their lives. Anorexia usually affects poorly adapted people, and psychologists believe that anorexics act restrictively to prove to themselves and other people that they actually have control over their bodies and lives.
People who are affected by anorexia behave similarly. First of all, anorexics keep very strict diets and exercise a lot to lose weight. Later, anorexics are so obsessed with food and the idea of being fat that they can even starve themselves. They become depressed and isolate themselves from the outside world, creating inferiority complexes. As the disorder progresses, anorexics can think of nothing but food, diet, and their calorie intake. You can even have obsessive dreams of being fat and repulsive.
As the disorder progresses, anorexics become increasingly depressed and their perceptions are significantly changed. In advanced stages of the disorder, many sufferers lose their sense of reason and become victims of their own actions. It is very important to understand that anorexics cannot overcome the disorder on their own. People suffering from anorexia need all the help and support they can get! Anorexics often have to follow psychiatric programs that can help them face their fears and fight their addiction.
Psychiatric therapy is not aimed at convincing anorexics that their behavior is wrong. The purpose of the therapy is to examine the real causes of its extreme behavior and to encourage them to overcome their addiction.
Photos provided by Pexels